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New Town Policy for Coexistence and Mutual Contribution

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2012, 57(), pp.1-18
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Kwang-soo Kim 1

1서강대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Special Law for Promotion of Renewal of Town was enacted in early July, 2006 as the applicable law for the new town projects, lays its purpose on “seeking balanced development of the town and contributing to improvement of the quality of national life”. It shows that mutual contribution was not a direct purpose of creating this law, but rather to find the balanced development of the town was an essential. In the year 2002 when the New Town Project was initiated, the housing price was fought out the financial crisis and steadily creasing. At that time, the mayor of Seoul focused on to the difference between the southern and the northern area of the river, and mapped out a new town as a basic project for development of the North. It was a concept for improvement of residential environment of the North as well as inducement in searching for the even-handed Seoul city, by development of the North where much less benefitted compared to the prospering South due to continuous investment in infrastructures there. Having said this, the new town project was staged actively across the country including Seoul. However, the existing new town projects now faced its limitation. Civil petition demanding to stop or to cancel the whole project proves that the project has not met their expectation of the coexistence nor facilitating for the mutual benefit. New town is an unavoidable project considering changes in public function and population. To push it forward safely, we need to search for the new town project which is appropriate for the given situation. If a civil enterprise involves with the project and has a way to provide houses while creating profit as an example, nothing would get in the way. Apart from this, another type of new town project may need to be promoted based on public support, for revival of the areas lagging behind. It means the area-development through financial support of the government and municipality. For development of a regional community, cooperative relationship has to be established between the administrational and the civil organizations as well as the related authorities. To achieve this, we could learn from the similar cases of the foreign countries. Particularly, the community new deal project of U.K. is very alerting since new town project of Seoul is considered failure for the past 10 years.

Citation status

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