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The Current Status and Legal Review of Urban Regeneration

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2014, 64(), pp.105-132
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Jae Kwang Kim 1

1선문대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the meantime, "Urban Improvement Act" and "The Act of Accelerating Urban Renewal" were enacted for urban improvement, but they could not achieve own purpose. The physical improvement concentrating on redevelopment and re-building has fostered real estate speculation, built only an apartment ignoring the cultural and economic characteristic and base of local society, and brought collapse of community by evacuating natives and drawing outsiders. In short, there were laws related to urban regeneration, but never achieved the purpose. In other words, the redevelopment, reconstruction and newtown projects implemented in metropolitan area and capital region have not contributed to the resettlement of indigenous communities, and dismantled community, because these are promoted for profit-oriented, and physical maintenance generally. Urban regeneration has become an irreversible trend now. It is a part of a national strategy. They can't discuss the balanced national development ignoring reality of a local small and medium-sized cities, which has been abandoned. Therefore, it needs interest and preparation for local area, and requires enormous exertion to raise the capacity of small and medium cities through the successful urban renewal projects. Large cities also require to adopt urban regeneration projects. Urban regeneration are political projects to improve the quality of life for the alienated people left behind in high economic growth since Saemaul Movement, and to raise the competitiveness of the city by having infrastructure in undeveloped area. That should become a pan national movement which citizens, local governments and central government participate in the procedure. We can go further away with more people, and can increase competitiveness with more cooperation. Implications from British and Japanese urban regeneration are as follows:First, there is the complexation of use. Second, there is the role of the public. The early role of the public was a political form offering the direction of urban regeneration projects, and leading it. Today, the role of the public has changed leading projects with strong leadership into managing and adjusting those as a whole, establishing guidelines and making support system for urban regeneration instead of development work. Third, there is enhancing the publicity needed in the city. The urban regeneration has an intention of improving local environment physically and promoting the city vitalization and the public welfare through enhanced economic, socially, cultural and artistic activation. Fourth, there is reproduction of person-centered community. Fifth, there is the promotion of urban regeneration through partnership. Sixth, there is a ripple effect of the urban regeneration to the surrounding area. And, several factors such as green growth, program development, urban design, ongoing evaluation and management should be considered and studied in urban regeneration. Urban Regeneration is a extended concept including reconstruction and redevelopment under the "Urban Improvement Act", and newtown under the "The Act of Accelerating Urban Renewal". Recently enacted "Urban Renewal Act" should establish planed and cooperative promotion system of urban regeneration after examination and maintenance on "Urban Improvement Act" and "The Act of Accelerating Urban Renewal", and should be the cornerstone of substantial urban regeneration .

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.