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Legal study for efficient management of national underground spatial information

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2019, 87(), pp.163-188
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law
  • Received : July 31, 2019
  • Accepted : August 20, 2019
  • Published : August 27, 2019

Kim Chang-Hwee 1

1나사렛대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Human lives are living in a sea of various and abundant information. The kinds of information are countlessly various and all humans are living in the information taking necessary information that is common and basic. Among such information, the spatial information is the utmost as it provides the basis for living. Though information itself is important as it exists, it will be even more valuable and meaningful if and when it is used to solve problems. According to legal definition, spatial information means the information on location of both natural and artificial objects existing in spaces such as ground, underground, surface, and underwater and the information necessary for the spatial recognition and decision-making relating to the location information (National Spatial Data Infrastructure Act, Article 2, Paragraph 1). Spaces are the place of the basis for human living. Objective information on such bases, along with time-related information, comprise the core information to consider for optimal decision-making on daily human lives and further, affect even to the behaviors and attitudes of humans. In modern times, there are continuous vertical and horizontal expansions of space usage due to the development of and concentration on urban cities. The background that enabled this continued expansions is the spatial information. With the coming of the fourth industrial revolution, accumulation of spatial information shows different amount, categories and ways compared to the past. Those spatial information is utilized usefully in almost every area such as construction, civil engineering, urban cities, traffic, environment, agriculture, disaster, safety, and national defense as well as politics, economy, society and culture. Specifically, underground spaces in relation with living safety attracted less attention on spatial information due to its location and further it was not easy to collect, analyze and find out such information. However, the possibility of systematic development of underground spaces as well as the occurrences of ground subsidence, road sinking, and earthquakes caused increased attention to underground spaces and with more and more various scientific technologies the information collection on underground information reached a far-different level than in the past. As such, it now came to establish three-dimensional integrated maps on underground spaces for safe and systematic underground management. This study reviewed the 'three acts on spatial information' and the 'Special Act on Underground Safety Management' for efficient management of such underground spaces.

Citation status

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