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The Challenges of International Volunteering between Voluntourism and Development Volunteers

  • Journal of the Association of Korean Geographers
  • Abbr : JAKG
  • 2018, 7(3), pp.415-433
  • DOI : 10.25202/JAKG.7.3.11
  • Publisher : Association of Korean Geographers
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography
  • Received : November 23, 2018
  • Accepted : December 10, 2018

KWON SANG CHEOL 1

1제주대학교 지리교육전공

Accredited

ABSTRACT

International volunteering has been increased to the regions in the developing countries mostly by young participants. It began during the 1950s with students from the developed countries who volunteered for developing the newly independent countries and became popular with governmental supports. Since the 1980s, private and NGO led voluntourism became prevalent in the form of commodified volunteering under the neoliberal circumstances. The individual experience and career seeking goals pay little consideration to the foreign partners and destinations. Rather participants expose attitudes to be neocolonial disparaging the poor conditions of developing regions. The youth international volunteering has advantages being able to have close contacts and cross-cultural exchanges with local partners. Perceptional and attitudinal change from compassion to global justice is prerequisite to establish reciprocal relationship leading to trust and intangible outcomes beneficial both to the participants and partners. The outcomes would be enhanced by accumulating the local understanding and knowledge of developing countries and the mutual benefits keep the relationship sustainable.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.