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Exploring the Spatial Patterns of Urban Park Distribution using Spatial Statistical Techniques: A Case Study of Seoul

  • Journal of Tourism Sciences
  • Abbr : JTS
  • 2014, 38(6), pp.209-232
  • Publisher : The Tourism Sciences Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Social Science > Tourism

Kim, Jin-Won 1 Yoon Byeongkug 2 Yoon, Sung-Sik 3

1Michigan State University 여가관광학과
2경희사이버대학교 관광레저경영학과
3University of Nevada at Las Vegas 호텔경영학과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Urban parks have been recognized as one of the important recreational facilities with recreational, environmental, educational, social, and economic significances. Exploring the spatial patterns of urban park distribution is an essential responsibility of public leisure providers for establishing better recreation policy and planning. The purpose of this study is to explore the spatial patterns of the urban park distribution in Seoul Metropolitan City, South Korea. Several spatial statistical techniques based on point pattern analyses and exploratory spatial data analysis was employed to explore the spatial patterns of urban parks distribution and relevant area park accessibility at global and local scales. The results indicated that urban parks in Seoul were unevenly distributed. Specifically, a number of hot spots were located within Southern areas (Songpa-gu, Seocho-gu, Gangnam-gu, Nowon-gu, Yangcheon-gu), while the distribution of cold spots were observed within Northern areas (Jongno-gu, Seongbuk-gu, Eunpyeong-gu. These findings are useful in helping policy makers establish more effective recreation policy and planning through providing overall identification on distribution of urban parks.

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