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An Exploration of the Causal Loop Structure and Policy Leverage in the Tourism Gentrification Phenomenon: With a Focus on Bukchon Area

An, JiHyun 1 Kim, Nam Jo 1

1한양대학교

Excellent Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study began after sensing a problem being caused by tourism gentrification in the Bukchon area. The purpose of this study was therefore to understand the causal loop structure of gentrification taking place in Bukchon tourist attraction. The Structure and cause of this tourism gentrification phenomenon indicates that this could draw causal feedback structures which: 1) Limit the tourism carrying capacity, 2) Polarize wealth caused by commercialization and spatial change, and 3) Manage resources and the tragedy of the commons. Policy leverages developed from the structural causes of tourism gentrification were as follows: First, the limits of tourism carrying capacity can be improved by enhancing the physical capacity and social capacity in order that a more fundamental alternative might fully calculate the volume of visitors that tour courses could accommodate. Secondly, the polarization of wealth caused by commercialization and spatial change is a viciously structured cycle in which two positive feedback loops are skewed between two extremes. Therefore, it is recommended that the Seoul Metropolitan Government should expand its current policies restricting new large franchises in Bukchon and reorganize the Bukchon tourist district reviewing the Commercial Building Lease Protection Act as soon as possible. In addition, a city-wide awareness of the gentrification issue must be undertaken. Third, in terms of resource management and the tragedy of the commons, this study invoked a study by Ostrom to suggest that communities need to voluntarily and autonomously manage their own resources. The study argues that sustainability in tourist attractions must take place gradually with voluntary participation from local residents and collaboration between many different fields.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.