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Validating Attention Restoration Theory: Testing the Control Effect of the Level of Cognitive Load of Everyday Life and Crowding of a Forest Visited

  • Journal of Tourism Sciences
  • Abbr : JTS
  • 2021, 45(7), pp.59-80
  • DOI : 10.17086/JTS.2021.45.7.59.80
  • Publisher : The Tourism Sciences Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Social Science > Tourism
  • Received : February 5, 2021
  • Accepted : August 9, 2021
  • Published : October 1, 2021

Kim, Seon-AH 1 KIM MIN JOO 2

1남도문화기획
2경기대학교

Excellent Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examines the validity of the attention restoration theory by exploring the relationship between perception of recovery environment and psychological effect. It was also investigated whether the level of cognitive load in everyday life and the level of perception of congestion at the place of visit act as a moderating variable. Items to measure the variables were organized based on prior researches, and two preliminary surveys were conducted. The population of the study was tourists returning home after visiting Jangheung-gun Cypress Forest Woodland. The survey was conducted from September 25 to September 26, 2018, and a total of 250 samples were used for the final data analysis. Results show that the perception of the recovery environment had a positive effect on psychological recovery in the case of short-term psychological recovery. In addition, it was found that 'rest and universal attraction' among the components of the perception of recovery environment had the most significant effect on psychological recovery. Although the validity of the attention restoration theory hypothesis was not tested in this study, evidences of this study suggest that the hypothesis could be valid if the cognitive load of daily life was below an appropriate level. Also, findings of this study show that congestion perception in the natural environment has a significant effect on the causal relationship between recovery environment perception and short-term psychological recovery.

Citation status

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