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Names is Incantation: The Way of Thingking about Naming and the Modern Appropriation in Chinese Classical Narratives

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2016, (31), pp.99-118
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2016..31.005
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Published : February 28, 2016

Jin-A Choi 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper is focused on the way of thinking about naming which signifies incantation in the Chinese classical narratives. In other words, the act of naming a new object-a kind of incantation is to dominate the object’s power within my boundary. For instance, this paper examines the way of naming about “The mysterious creature” in Shanhaijing. Through the act of naming, one is putting their ideology into the unfamiliar and fearful object and these appear in both in Shanhaijing and Shenyijing. Specifically Shanhaijing, Shenyijing are books made by exorcist which are founded in the culture of Taoism. Hence the way of thinking in these books lead to connecting naming and incantation in the culture of Taoism. This thesis is concentrated on the name of T’ang dynasty’s courtesan in the works of Biji. In the culture of Daoism, T’ang dynasty’s courtesans were referred as Daosit goddess. Through practicing incantation, one is hoping to get closer to the world of Daoist’s heaven by calling a Daosit goddess’s name. As well, this thesis studied author of Chinese Vernacular Story to represent their ideology, and the naming of their characters relevantly. Moreover, this thesis raised the name of heroin in Hongloumemg of Qing dynasty, which are, yuanchun, yingchun, tanchun, xichun. Their names symbolized the corruption of Jia family, which is also the theme of Hongloumeng. In other words, the author of Chinese classical narratives arranged the character’s name intentionally so that the readers can agree with the author’s intent. This thesis considered that the connection between naming “ The mysterious creature”and incantation in modern poetry Sankyong, modern noble The Record of Arresting Ghost by Buyeo Official Government. These books are appropriated in Shanhaijing. Shanhaijing is also linked with Japanese animations The Spiriting Away Of Sen And Chihiro, Natsume Yuujincho, The Twelve Kingdoms. As a result, this thesis affirms that this cultural phenomenon in the Chinese classical narratives of Shanhaiing and other nobles is still existed and it is still continued to be used in the form of modern appropriation

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