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A Multi-perspective Study of Nominal Predicate ‘Fuqi yichang’

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2016, (32), pp.213-235
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2016..32.010
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Published : May 30, 2016

Sung Ki Eun 1

1연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The primary goal of this paper is to reveal that the syntactic structure of ‘Fuqi yichang(夫妻一场)’ is not [noun + noun phrase] but [verb + verb classifier phrase]. First, in syntactic terms, ‘Fuqi yichang’ and co-occurrence with modal particle ‘le(了)’ indicate that the ‘Fuqi’ has the semantic features of [+change], ‘Fuqi’, co-occurrence with aspect particle ‘le(了)’ and ‘guo(過)’ proves that the ‘Fuqi is a verb. Based on this, verb ‘Fuqi’ which is combined with ‘yichang’ becomes ‘verb classifier phras’. ‘yi’ of ‘yichang’ refers to recognizing the various actions as a whole which has occurred in the course of staying together with as ‘Fuqi’, and ‘chang’ represents that act of ‘Fuqi’ has occurred through the whole process from beginning to end. According to this, ‘Fuqi yichang’ means that pair of strange men and women get to know each other, become husband and wife, and spend a long period of time with sharing both in joy and in sorrow, premising marital duty. This paper discovered a few features of ‘Fuqi yichang’ as a nominal predicate. ‘Fuqi yichang’ implies a wealth of information in a concise format, and features stably expressing lively sense is similar to idioms. This feature is related to that of nominals, not the predicate to describe the fact as facts. ‘Fuqi yichang’ which acts similarly to the idioms in terms of pragmatic affects the discourse structure by acting as common knowledge between the listener and speaker. This paper reveals that ‘Fuqi yichang’ forms the discourse structure of causality by analyzing ‘Fuqi yichang’ which represents the marital duty as an cause, and following demands and judgment as a result. In order to achieve this causality better, adverbs such as ‘bijing(畢竟), haodai(好歹), and daodi(到底)’ verbs such as ‘nian(念)⋅nianji(念及)’, and ‘(kan(看)/nian(念))zai(在)~de feng shang(的份上)/qingfen shang(情分上)/ yuanfen shang(緣分上)’ etc. are co-occured, and the frequency of co-occurrence is quite high. This paper analyzes a causal relationship which ‘Fuqi yichang’ forms as ‘coherence’, and syntactic component co-occured with this as ‘cohesion’.

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