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A Study on Gramaticalization of “在望” and Lexicoiosation of Two-syllable Word “在X”

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2019, (44), pp.293-313
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2019..44.012
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : April 25, 2019
  • Accepted : May 20, 2019
  • Published : May 30, 2019

Zhang, Bin 1 Heungsoo Park 1

1한국외국어대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

‘在望’ used to describe ‘physical nearness’ became vocabulary in Song(宋) and Jin(金) Period, while first appearance of ‘在望’ used to describe ‘chronological nearness’ seems to be near Minguo(民國) Period or after Minguo(民國)Period. In modern Chinese ‘在望’ is more frequently used to describe ‘chronological nearness’ than ‘physical nearness’. When it is used to depict ‘chronological nearness’ it has substance of substantive or predicative in its front. The vocabulary that is used in such cases are ‘豐收, 勝利’. When used to describe ‘physical nearness’, it has substance of substantive in its front which refers to ‘location’. Based on process of ‘Metaphorical transition’, 在望 used to depict physical nearness can also refer to chronological nearness through grammaticalization. In such case, the latter can be considered auxiliary word used in aspect and can be interpreted as ‘就要~了’.

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