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Analysis of the Implications of NP and VP Types of the 『LAOZI(老子)』 Opposition Structure

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2019, (44), pp.213-237
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2019..44.009
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : April 25, 2019
  • Accepted : May 14, 2019
  • Published : May 30, 2019

LEE SO DONG 1

1숙명여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this study, we divided the 『LAOZI』 opposition structure into 7 types of NP and VP, examined the relationship between the eight types of implications. Seven kinds of parallel structure, modifier-head structure, verb-object structure, subject-predicate structure, adverb-head structure, union structure, including other structures, showed eight implications according to their structural characteristics. The appearance frequency of parallel structure, modifier-head structure, verb-object structure is relatively low. subject-predicate structure is mostly in the form of a judgment statement or a description form, which shows the contradictory perceptions and results of '道'`s attributes or temporal events. Adverb-head structure also indicates the appearance frequency and similarity with subject-predicate structure. The union structure occupies a much higher appearance frequency among the seven types, the reason for this is that the union structure that expresses the distich form and the adversative structure, is most suitable for showing opposition structure. The union structure shows all 7 implications. Among them, the contradictory perceptions and results of '道'`s attributes and the ‘去彼取此’ opposition structure appear at a relatively high frequency.

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