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Research on the Image of “Comfort Women” in Contemporary Literature of China

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2019, (44), pp.93-117
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2019..44.005
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : April 24, 2019
  • Accepted : May 14, 2019
  • Published : May 30, 2019

Han Xiao 1

1한국 서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

There is a special female image in contemporary literature of China, that is the “comfort women” image from China, Japan and Korea. This paper firstly made an in-depth exploration and analysis of the images of “comfort women” in contemporary literature of China, and then classified them according to nationality, specifically analyzing the images of “comfort women” in China, Japan and Korea. To be specific, when creating the image of Chinese “comfort women”, Chinese writers not only expose the crimes of the aggressors from the standpoint of nationalism and then call on the people to fight for the end of the war, but also explore the oppression of women by gender and patriarchy system to a certain extent. In shaping the “comfort women” from Japan, the writers are based mainly on anti-war stance, with the Japanese people apart from the war initiators—the Japanese warlords and plutocrat, accuse the warlord of their press on women in Japan and call for the world forces that can be united together against Japanese imperialism. When looking at the “comfort women” from Korea, a colony of Japan, they mainly cast a humanitarian view. On the one hand, they expose and strongly condemn the crimes of Japanese imperialism; on the other hand, they also warn the Chinese people to wake up, so as to call for the unity of weak and small ethnic groups. These works project different consciousness and embody different creative purposes. They can not only help us to document history and expose the evil of militarism, but also provide us with some perspective and practical significance to re-examine this issue today.

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