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A Study on the Inquisitive Approach of Early Childhood Art Education - Focused on Dewey's Theory of Art -

  • Journal of Communication Design
  • Abbr : JCD
  • 2018, 62(), pp.245-258
  • DOI : 10.25111/jcd.2018.62.19
  • Publisher : CDAK Society of Communication Design
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Design > Visual Information Design > Information Design
  • Received : December 9, 2017
  • Accepted : January 24, 2018

Lee, An-keun 1

1원광보건대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this study, it is discussed that inquiry activities are fundamentally inherent in early childhood art activities. For this discussion, I studied art activities based on Dewey 's experience concept which claimed the art theory from a new perspective. According to Dewey, Experience is the process by which organisms grow and reconstruct quantitatively and qualitatively by transaction with the world. Therefore, the growth of experience itself has inherent value of education. Dewey defined the experience of the complete state of 'an experience' with aesthetic qualities as artistic component. Art activities are activities that basically experience various qualities directly and have qualitative thinking. When an artist designs an artwork, he or she chooses an object to express by thinking based on qualitative experience. In the process of completing a work, the painter has an overall quality and reflective thinking that grasps the relationship with various relationships in the whole process of creation. Therefore, the activity of the artist has an inquiry activity that requires both qualitative and reflective thinking. that is, art works through the process of integrated thinking of qualitative and reflective thinking as a complete experience of 'an experience'. Children in early childhood have a way of understanding the world and acquiring knowledge by directly experiencing various qualities. Thus, early childhood art activities are an excellent means of inquiry by qualitative thinking. It is important to provide an inquiring learning environment for early childhood and the infant undergoes a process of thinking that recognizes and solves problems that arise in the course of art activities. By doing so, the infant expands experience by reasoning and logical thinking.

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