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The Differences in Career Preparation Behavior by Cluster Types Based on Parental Support, Hopes, Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy, and Career Attitude Maturity as Perceived by Specialized High School Students

  • Global Creative Leader: Education & Learning
  • Abbr : GCL
  • 2018, 8(4), pp.49-69
  • DOI : 10.34226/gcl.2018.8.4.49
  • Publisher : Research Institute for Gifted & Talented Education, Soongsil University
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Published : December 30, 2018

Sungsim Lee 1 Ju Sung Jun 1

1숭실대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purposes of this study were to firstly categorize cluster types based on parental support, hopes, career decision-making self-efficacy, and career attitude maturity as perceived by specialized vocational high school students, and secondly to analyze any differences in career preparation behavior according to each cluster type. Data was collected from 226 high-school students in Grades 1 to 3, who attend a specialized vocational high school in Seoul. Major results of the research were as follow: First, four clusters were identified. These are ‘Low Support-Active’, ‘High Support-Passive’, ‘High Support-Active’, and ‘Low Support-Need Attention Type’. Second, each cluster type showed meaningful differences in career preparation behavior. Career preparation behavior was highest in the ‘High Support-Active’ cluster, followed by the ‘Low Support-Active’ cluster, the ‘High Support-Passive’ cluster and the ‘Low Support-Need Attention’ cluster in turn. These results imply the necessity of specialized career education that considers the characteristics of each cluster type.

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