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Mediating Effect of Self-Consciousness on the Relationship between Multicultural Acceptance and Creativity on High School Students: Focusing on Gender Comparisons

  • Global Creative Leader: Education & Learning
  • Abbr : GCL
  • 2022, 12(1), pp.19-46
  • DOI : 10.34226/gcl.2022.12.1.19
  • Publisher : Research Institute for Gifted & Talented Education, Soongsil University
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : February 10, 2022
  • Accepted : February 22, 2022
  • Published : March 31, 2022

Ah-Rong Beik 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examined the mediating effect of self-consciousness on the relationship between multicultural acceptance and creativity on high school students; and gender differences. Structural relationships among multicultural acceptance, self-consciousness, and creativity were revealed using 6,145 first-year high school students’ (3,037 male, 3,108 female) responses from the 6th year data on the first-year high school students from Korean Education Longitudinal Study(KELS) 2013. Multi-group analysis analyzed gender differences. Results showed multicultural acceptance directly affects creativity, and the mediating effect of self-consciousness between multicultural acceptance and creativity was significant. Meaning that multicultural acceptance not only has a direct effect on creativity but also an indirect effect on self-consciousness. As a result of multi-group analysis to analyze differences according to gender, it was not possible to analyze gender differences because measurement invariance was not satisfied, and male and female pathways were analyzed. As a result, all pathways were significant for both males and females. Based on the results of this study, discussions, and suggestions were made on the mediating effect of self-consciousness on the relationship between multicultural acceptance and creativity on high school students.

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