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The Political Situation and Seogyeong in the Early Koryeo

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2005, (80), pp.-
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

김창현 1

1고려대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This is to study Seogyeong(West Capital) in relation with political situation in the early Koryeo dynasty. King Taejo managed Seogyeong in Pyongyang and established the government of Seogyeong which was equal to that of Gaegyeong. Taejo didn't visit Seogyeong to protect his successor(Hyejong) at the end of his reign, but Hyejong's reign was disintegrated by the officials from the northern area of the dynasty. The power group of Seogyeong tried to move the capital to Seogyeong with crowning King Jeongjong, but it was defeated by the counterforce that was representative of Pyeongju and Hwangju. King Gwangjong called Gaegyeong Hwangdo, and named Seogyeong(西京) Seodo(西都). Though the group of Pyeongju and that of Hwangju grasped political power, they were purged by Gwangjong. As a result during the reign of King Gyeongjong the officials from Seogyeong, Pyeongju and Hwangju were not distinguished. King Seongjong took a serious view of tradition and Seodo in the latter half of his reign. He downgraded Seodo as Seogyeongyusu(西京留守) for centralization, but he considered it as its superiority to Donggyeong(East Capital). The power of Cheonchu Empress Dowager in the reign of King Mokjong was formed on the basis of the northern part, and it made Seogyeongyusu be evaluated to Hogyeong(鎬京). The group of Cheonchu came into conflict with that of Daeryangwongun because of the succession of the crown. The power of Daeryangwongun enthroned King Hyeonjong with carrying out political change and took the leadership. King Hyeongjong downgraded Hogyeong as Seogyeongyusu, but he treated Seogyeong considerately. According as people around Samgak mountain contributed to enthroning of King Hyeonjong and entered the political world actively, the position of Yangju was elevated and the officials from the middle area of the dynasty held important posts in the government.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.