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The Food Control Policy Between 1948 and 1950 in South Korea

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2006, (83), pp.193-238
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Jeom Sook Kim 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study explores the collection and rationing policy of staple grains from the establishment of the government of the Republic of Korea until the Korean War in South Korea. Following the establishment of the government of the Republic of Korea, the food still remained under the control of the Korean government. At first the government pointed out that farmers had been exploited as a result of the government's program for food control during the Military Government era and that the prices to be paid for rice and summer grains should be much higher, in order to meet production costs. However, the government's rice purchase prices were still lower than the production costs. At that time the collecting of food with compulsory means was impossible, and food collection programs failed. Therefore, the Government could not help changing the distribution method of food which restricted the rations to civil service employees, and certain other classes of workers contributing to the Government. The rest had to buy food on the free market. The Government tried to control rice price by releasing government- controlled rice onto the free market, but this policy failed because there was not enough government-controlled rice to regulate the prices. Under the continuous fiasco, the government abandoned food control around the beginning of 1950. In addition, the government could not pay a high amount of subsidies for food control, when financial balance was required to control inflation.

Citation status

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