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The Doho School and the March First Movement at Daihoji

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2008, (90), pp.265-290
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

SangKi Kim 1

1충남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

A national resistance movement at Daihoji broke on the fourth of April in 1919 as a part of the March First Movement by the residents of Daihoji-myun. They attacked the Japanese police station in town and punished the policemen in it. This resistance movement was mainly led by the students at the Doho School which, founded by the Nam family of Euryong, had inculcated patriotism along with Chinese classics, often inviting such prominent scholars as Jinha Yu of Hwaseo-School, Cheolseung Lee and Unseok Han nearby. With such patriotic education, Juwon Nam, one of its students, and his descendents actively led the March First Movement at Daihoji and were even imprisoned. In meantime, the Daihoji March First Movement was joined by Chondogyo believers at Dang-jin area. They were attempting at their own resistance movement after hearing about one of those resistance movements at Seoul, but another news about the Daihoji movement led them to it to join. Among the believers was Daljun Lee who was later imprisoned to death. In sum, it is noted that the Daihoji March First Movement successfully declared people's strong will to be independent from Japanese ruling and clearly embodied their Theory of Rejecting Japanese into a form of resisting Japan and saving their nation.

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