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Kojong’s study during the Early Years of his Reign(1864∼1876)

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2009, (93), pp.191-240
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

김성혜 1

1한림대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In December 1863, 12-year-old Kojong(高宗) rose as the 26th monarch under the nomination of Shinjeongwanghu(神貞王后). Because Kojong was still young, fragile, and has yet to receive training and education on becoming an emperor at the time of his enthronement, regency by the queen mother commenced, also based on precedent. With the end of regency by the queen mother in February 1866, political power was transferred over to Daewongun(大院君), Kojong’s real father, and Kojong continued to concentrate on autocratic education while partaking in and collaborating with Daewongun in his policy-making decisions and progress. Between Kojong’s enthronement and actual proclamation of his direct rule, the affairs of the state were governed by Daewongun. This allowed Kojong to devote himself to imbibing the qualities of an emperor amidst a relatively open and safe political power structure and to form Confucian democracy ideologies and autocratic perspective. In particular, Kojong exhibited a special interest in the welfare of his people, as indicated by his direct involvement in public welfare policies.

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