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Research for the Establishment of Yongjoosa by King, Jungjo

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2009, (93), pp.147-190
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Chung, Hai-Deuk 1

1한신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The relationship between Yongju-sa(龍珠寺) Galyang-sa(葛陽寺) has not been clearly discovered, although it had been spread out during the period of Japanese occupation that Yongjoo-sa was a Galyang-sa’s new existence. The establishment of Yongjoo-sa was determined by King, Jungjo in 1790. The king involved in the construction process and, after the completion, he visited to Yongjoo-sa in the coming of Hyunryoongwon. All the expense for the temple’s construction was covered through the Royal House, government officials, Buddhist temples, and 250 of Gongmyungchup(空名帖). People who served in the construction were craftsmen from diverse areas and monks as a carpenter under the direction of Jo, Shim Tae(趙心泰, a deputy delegate of Suwon) and Jo, Yun Sik(曺允植). King, Jungjo made Yongjoo-sa a representative temple to manage all temples in a whole country by giving a status of Dochongsup(都摠攝) to Yongjoo-sa. Monks in Yongjoo-sa held a memorial service for Sadoseja(思悼世子, King, Jungjo’s father), mobilized a forestation surrounding Hyunryoongwon, and was assigned to the army. Yongjoo-sa dilapidated after the death of King, Jungjo, thus it happened that monks escaped the temple in 1806. Even though the happening was resolved immediately, the supporting for Yongjoo-sa became a limited favor.

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