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The Characteristics of Public Policing Service of Po-Do-Ch'ŏng(捕盜廳) in the Late Chosun Period: focusing on Its Space Arrangement and Patrol Zone

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2010, (100), pp.605-636
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Inbae Cha 1

1인하대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The activity of Po-Do-Ch'ŏng(PDC) was limited within about 4km radius around Seoul castle(城底十里). Because its location and activating area was set up its optimum sphere of security activity under the consideration of geographical condition of Seoul. PDC divided such 2 bureaus as the left bureau and the right bureau. Both bureaus kept aloof 1.3Km distance in the opposite direction from the street, Chongro(鐘路). In relation to the distance between each bureau, it seems to me that although during peace time the left or right bureau activated separately at the designated site, in case of emergency these bureaus coordinated beyond their own designated sphere and the boundary of jurisdiction. Also, it seems that the left and the right bureau played such role as guard and escort at all the road in Gwanghwamun(光化門) and Donhwamun(敦化門). Because these bureau's task in nature connected with the judicial and military business systematically, these bureaus had to maintain public affair contact with quickly Judicial or military organs. Therefore the distance between both bureaus and the judicial or military organs needed from the minimal 6-7 minute to the maximum 23 minute on foot. As Seoul's distribution economy was vitalized in the center of Han River basin during the lated Choson Dynasty, the outer population and residential districts out of Seoul castle was expanded in the scale and number. As the spacial size of Seoul grew up, PDC's parol activity was increased. On account of three river zone〔三江: Hangang(漢江), Sogang(西江), and Youngsangang (龍山江)〕's population growth, PDC's parol and its force were deployed these district intensively. Although PDC's parol area expanded within about 4km radius around Seoul castle in the Late Chosun Period, its main security field put emphasis on Seoul castle only. It not only looked upon Seoul castle as its main security field but also carried out its security activity positively.

Citation status

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