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The Choseon Uiyongdae(Choseon Volunteer Army) in Chinese press - mainly in the news of『Jiu Wang Ri Bao』and 『Jie Fang Ri Bao』

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2011, (104), pp.165-197
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

KIM JOO YONG 1

1독립기념관

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Korean independence movement in China was in a change in the 1930s. The Manchuria was invaded by Japan on september 18th in 1931 and next year Manchukuo was established. As a result, the Korean independence movement in Manchuria was in big trouble. By the year 1933, most Korean nationalists moved to inland area of China and their independence movement had reformed externally rapidly. At the same time, as Japan attacted Lugouqiao in the suburbs of Beijing on July 7th in 1937 and the Sino-Japanese War began, China proclaimed an all-out war against Japan. The Choseon Uiyongdae was organized in Wuhan on October in 1938reflecting international situation at the time. It was a historical result by the combination of the capacity of Korean independence movement and the support of China. Internal ability of the Uiyongdae and external factors, the support and interests of China, were main causes that the Uiyongdae could develop more systemetic and powerful anti-Japanese movements after moving its grand headquarters to Guilin. In the time of the government of Guomintang, many articles which covered Korea could be founded in newspapers in Beijing and other locals. Espacially, 『Jiu Wang Ri Bao』and 『Jie Fang Ri Bao』exactly and extensively reported the news on the Uiyongdae. The Uiyongdae received material and moral support from 『Jiu Wang Ri Bao』and intensified its anti-Japanese movement in an alliance with it. 『Jiu Wang Ri Bao』also reported detailed news on the Korean independent movement and The Uiyongdae to Chinese people. First, Guo mo ruo, the founder of 『Jiu Wang Ri Bao』, had a friendly attitude on activities of the Uiyongdae. As the Uiyongdae promoted and sold 『Jiu Wang Ri Bao』, they could have a symbiotic relation. 『Jiu Wang Ri Ba o』focused on activites for the people of the Uiyongdae and trid to report the situation of reality of colonial Choseun and the Korean independence movement. For example, a play 'A daugher of the Choseun' called great attention in China and made Chinese people reflect the fact that activities of the Uiyongdae were not only a Korean issue but a common issue to all anti-fascist countries. The fact that the Uiyongdae was active in North China became one of the important assets for the Chinese Communist Party to get its another legitimacy. So the Party had attention to activities of the Uiyongdae. Because the Uiyongdae was a unit of action of the Choseun Yongman Association, 『Jie Fang Ri Bao』kept reporting the news on the foundation of Choseun Yongman Association. The Xinhua News Agency reported that Choseun Yongman Association was expected to prove its worth in the anti-fascist movement with Chinses young people. The article on the sacrifices of Yun Seju and Jin Gwanghwa in the anti-Japanese war touched the Chinese people. 『Jie Fang Ri Bao』, on July 31th in 1942, printed the news that a group funeral of the members of the Uiyongdae including two young men would be carried out. It was the first article related to Yun Seju who was dead on June 2nd. The news in the Xinhua News Agency said that some special way to commemorate the great achievement of the members in the Uiyongdae who sacrified themselves in the anti-Japanese war would be prepared. This way, the Uiyongdae showed clearly the alliance of the two countries,Korea and China. Chinese people were impressed by sacrifices of its members and the substance of the anti-fascist alliance was revealed by an event for the Japanes captives. These was directly connected with the status of the Uiyongdae. Its activities were an strict alarm and response against the inhuman Japanese imperialism. And also, it showed the spirit of unity in Korea and China for the peace and freedom of human.

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