본문 바로가기
  • Home

A Study on the Nobleman’s Tributary System Participation Method and Prefectures in the 16th Century-Focusing on 「Mukjaeilgi」 of Lee Mun-Geon-

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2012, (105), pp.73-106
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Lee Sung-im 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The study researched the tributary system operation of Seongju area on the basis of Mukjaeilgi of Lee Mun-Geon. The study could grasp actual status of bonsaek payment and bangnap, which have been discussed in tributary system operation and specific status of sadaedong. Therefore, the study summarized entire context and suggested problem to replace conclusion with them. Suju called suhwaju was the best silk. Seongju was famous for sericulture. The area produced suju to manufacture clothe and pay it to local counties and prefectures as a tribute. Like sweet fish, silk was the tribute that was imposed to each household. In other words, each household produced silk and paid it as a tribute or paid rice, bean or cotton cloth instead of silk. Generally, collection of spots instead of payment of bonsaek was called sadaedong. Out of tributes of Seongju area, suju, hemp cloth or cotton were collected through sadaedong method. The sadaedong was very universal method in Seongju area in the middle of the 16th century. Although hemp cloth or cotton cloth were collected through sadaedong method, suju was most popular. Although suju was a single product, it was collected through the method combining bonsaek and sadaedong. It was a principle to pay bonsaek but if it was not available, munap or bangnap was used. In addition, the spots such as barn grass, bean and cotton cloth were collected through sadaedong. Although it seems that collection of suju was simple, it was complex actually so interests of many people were reflected to process. Suju was the item to guarantee good quality. Each household manufactured it through sericulture so its qualities were very different. Seongju governmental office should send collected suju to central government so it paid attention to quality maintenance to prevent gradual decay. In case of bonsaek payment,influential noblemen also experienced difficulties. Some household of Seongju purchased suju at high price to pay it as a tribute. Bangnap was the system to pay the item that is not manufactured or hard to acquire on behalf of household and receive the cost from household. Seongju Gyeongsangins were responsible for the proxy payment of item. They were the people who searched for profit by paying products to local governmental office. They were closely related with country's tax structure. After all, it was hard to guarantee quality of suju so rather than bonsaek payment, sadaedong was preferred. It was more comfortable for local governmental office to collect and pay suju costs because it can decrease burdens of work. Noblemen could enjoy many benefits by actively participating in sadaedong. They enjoyed economic benefit and displayed social influence by receiving certain roles from local governmental office. The noblemen could urge, imprison and accuse the household that did not pay a tribute. In addition, after the schedule of sadaedong, the shared profit with head of Seongju. Noblemen could participate in tributary system operation because of the friendship with local governmental office. In other words, when they had favorable friendships with local governmental office, they could participate in the operation actively but when they didn’t have, they were excluded. After all, if they did not have close relationships with local governmental office, all works that had been performed in collusion with governmental authority were damaged. It was also applied to tributary system participation process. Because of these reasons, Lee Mun-Geon tried to have a close relationship with local governmental officials. In this way, he could display the ability of influential person in Seongju area. Households could recognize political status of Lee Mun-Geon in Seongju area at that time. Therefore, they visited Lee Mun-Geon to discuss their difficulties and solve problem through personal request.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.