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Changes of Center and West Boundary of Gojoseon in 3rd to 2nd Century B.C.

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2012, (108), pp.1-37
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Park Jun Hyoung 1

1연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study has examined how Gojoseon’s territory was shifted, that is, a transitional process of its west side boundary circumstances of having relationships with China in 3rd to 2nd century B.C. This paper was not intended to trace how Gojoseon’s west boundary was changed with the change of times, but to identify the position of Beishui(浿水) first, which was considered one of the most important issues and examine its boundary with Yan(燕) and Qin(秦). The changes of the west boundary of Gojoseon can be summarized as follows with the change of times. Before getting attacked by Yan(燕), Gojoseon grew out of Early Narrow-shaped Bronze Dagger Culture which succeeded the Zhengjiawazi type of Late Mandolin-shaped Dagger Culture, centering on the Shenyang (沈陽) region. After Yen launched an attack against Gojoseon in 282 B.C.,it came to share borders with Yen and Manfanhan(滿番汗). Considering that Manfanhan was located between Yingkou(營口) and gaizhou(蓋州),which are equal to the downstream of Liaohe(遼河) now, the western region of Qianshan mountain range(千山山脈) seems to have been included in the Liaodong district of Yan. As Gojoseon lost the Shenyang area due to such attack from Yan, Gojoseon was forced to move its capital from Shenyang area to Pyungyang(平壤). After unifying Chinese Warring-States, Qin(秦) crossed the Beishui (沛水=渾河) to conquer Gojoseon. Then, Gojoseon submitted to Yen. During this process, Gojoseon came to be bordered on the Yalu river(鴨綠江) by Qin. It is suggested that the region lost to Qin, ranging from the Qianshan mountain range to the Yalu river, was equal to Vacant Land of Qin(秦故空地=秦故地) according to historical records. Afterwards, Gojoseon was successful in attacking Han(漢) to take back the east of Beishui (浿水=渾河) that was lost to Qin, taking an advantage of a political turmoil happened during a Qin-Han transition period.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.