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The Sa-Daebu Families’ Joint Petition and Drawing Collective Consensus in the late Joseon dynasty

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2013, (109), pp.233-266
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Kim,Kyeongsook 1

1조선대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Examined in this article, are the practice of filing petitions jointly and the characteristics of public opinion during the late Joseon dynasty. The source of those examples are Deungjang(等狀) documents that had been owned by Jin’sung Lee house which lived in Juchon(周村), Andong area of the Kyeongsang-do province for generations. The joint petitions of Lee were increased rapidly and became very popular in the late 19th century, and were concentrated in large scale more than fifty persons. Most of them were closely connected to guard the mountains which were full of their ancestors’ graves. The lawsuits concerned burial mountains(“山訟”) and tax issues constituted a larger percentage of Lee houses’ petitions, most of them were filed in the process of guard their mountains. Through the lawsuits of burial mountains and tax issues, Clan group of Lee could form consensus for realization of their guard the mountains based on honor their ancestors. Therefore They could actively participate to filing petitions and widely form the public opinions within the clan, compared to other issues. On the other hand, joint petitions for commemoration and decoration were proceeded by confucian scholars of local society through drawing collective consensus. They were proceeded for Ryu Do’jang couple who were Pung’san Ryu family not Lee family. Government put emphasis on the public opinion of local society for the commemoration and decoration of devoted son and daughter-in-law, so the Sa-Dae’bu families were more concerned with forming the public opinion of local society than clan. In this situation, Deungjangs referring to process of commemoration and decoration for Ryu couple have been in Lee house, and they signifies a leading role of Lee family in forming the public opinion of local society.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.