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The Backgrounds behind the Ming-Friendly Policies in the Latter Days of King Gongmin's Reign : The trauma with the power structure during the Mongol subjection period

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2014, (113), pp.83-124
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Lee, Myung-mi 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Goryeo - Mongol relationship and the power structure based on it went through many changes due to the reform in 1356 and left their aftereffects, which worked as a background for the Ming - friendly policies during the latter days of King Gongmin(恭愍王)'s reign. King Gongmin wrapped up his reform in 1356, trying to abolish the Ki Cheol(奇轍) force that was threatening his "current" royal authority and further dominate the recruits of those who had the potential to cause problems as other subjects of power in relation to royal authority in future by making a "request for Deokheunggun(德興君)'s repatriation" among his many requests to the Mongol empire. It was his request to be done with the relationship and structure in which the imperial authority of the Mongol empire would become the supreme power in practice in the aspect of real politics. Mongol, however, did not send back Deokheunggun to Goryeo, which indicates that the Goryeo - Mongol relationships and power structure were not completely settled. The aftermath of Goryeo's relationships with the Mongol empire and the power structure inherent in them during the Mongol subjection period was perceived as a realistic possibility again by King Gongmin through the attempt to dethrone him by Empress Ki in 1362. The experience made him realize more actively that the relationship in which the Mongol empire would become an "investiture country" could turn into the Goryeo - Mongol relationship before the 5th year of King Gongmin's reign, in which the East Asian relationship elements and Mongolian relationship elements were connected to each other more organically, anytime when the required conditions were met. King Gongmin severed Goryeo's relationships with the Mongol and showed rather obsessive aspects to form a relationship with Ming after Ming's conquest of Daedo(大都) in the 17th year of his reign(1368). This is partially because he took into account various realistic situations and partially because the memory and their aftermath(internal situations) of Goryeo - Mongol relationships and power structure in the "past" pressed him through the "current" relationships with the Mongol.

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