본문 바로가기
  • Home

Validity and Question on Jigong’ Statement about Nālandā

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2015, (117), pp.233-264
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Jungseop Youm 1

1능인불교대학원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Giving his instruction to Naong(懶翁), Gyeonghan(景閑), Jacho(自超) and Jicheon(智泉), Jigong(指空) came to have enormous influence on Korean Buddhism in late Goryeo and early Joseon. But the description of Indian Buddhism related with Jigong has some problem in that it is wholly depended on Jigong’s testimony. In this study, the aspects on Nālandā(那蘭陁寺) among Jigong’s statements about Indian Buddhism are critically reviewed on the basis of general Indian Buddhist history. Up to now, it has been thought that Indian Buddhist history was terminated when Vikramaśīla Temple was destroyed by Islam army in 1203. But, though Jigong was born in the late of 13th century, he asserted he had left his house and studied at Nālandā. Therefore, it is required to present a rational solution for it. In relation with the problem, this paper clarifies that Nālandā Jigong told about was not Nālandā with the complete function but that of residual power when judged with his birth date. This can be indirectly verified with following facts:First, when Jigong left his house in Nālandā, he just received Ogye(五戒, śīla) for lay believers. Second, in Nālandā, he studied Buddhism on the basis of Gyeong(經) rather than Nonjeon(論典). Third, the Buddhist level of Nālandā was lower than that of Sri Lanka. Finally, this study deals with the process that Jigong’s emphasis on Nālandā resulted the full-scale reconstruction of Hoeamsa by Naong in Goryeo. Through the emphasis on Nālandā, Jigong came to secure his prominent position effectively, expecting the past glory of Nālandā to be realized in Goryeo of strong Buddhism.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.