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The Current Status of Studies of Medieval East Asian Mokgan(Wooden Tablets) and Comparison of their Shapes

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2015, (119), pp.241-279
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Han, Jeong-Hun 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study was prepared to look into the morphological characteristics of Goryeo Dynasty Hachal Mokgan(Baggage tag wooden tablet), recently taken out of four sunken ships. The shapes of the Goryeo Dynasty Hachal Mokgan were classified according to their own standards, like medieval Japanese wooden tablets or Sinan-ship Mokgan, and based on the contents, a comparison of the shapes was attempted. For this purpose, they were simply classified based on the shapes of the upper section and lower section directly linked to the connection method of wooden tablets. Accordingly, as a result of the comparison of the shapes of the Sinan-ship Hachal Mokgan and the Goryeo Dynasty Hachal Mokgan, it was found that wooden tablets in the shape of a groove, which are easy to connect to baggage, were the typical Medieval East Asian Hachal Mokgan. However, wooden tablets in the shape of a hole, which are easy to carry, so they were widely used in medieval Japan were identified in about 12% of Sinan-ship Mokgan, while only one piece was identified in the Goryeo Dynasty Mokgan. This can be understood as a difference in the shape according to the purpose and connecting method of the wooden tablet. Also, as compared to Goryeo Dynasty Hachal Mokgan, Sinan-ship Mokgan actively utilized the hole on the upper section and the pointed shape of and lower section to connect to baggage. Probably, it is very likely that this was a measure to connect Hachal more firmly to Sinan-ship, since it went long voyages with various expensive goods through international trade. In addition, an opinion was suggested as follows: It would be a lot clearer and more effective that classifying Goryeo Dynasty Hachal Mokgan into tag type, attachment type and bookmark type according to the method of connecting baggage, rather than classifying simply according to shape. Packing material, transport material or the shape of the baggage tag was determined according to the kind of baggage. As a result of an analysis of the contents of the writing in ink on the Goryeo Dynasty Hachal Mokgan, the packing material in the shape of a sack of rice was connected to three types of Hachal Mokgan, while the packing container in the shape of pottery was used only for the ‘tag type’ Hachal Mokgan with a certain connecting part like a groove or hole was utilized.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.