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The relationship between Jinhan King(辰韓王) and Saro sate(斯盧國)

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2015, (120), pp.5-35
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Moonseok Kang 1

1한국학중앙연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is understanding about unification of Jinhan(辰韓) by Shilla(新羅). To do that, we must think about relationship between Jinhan King and Saro state. Jinhan King existed after A.D. 280s. Before existence of Jinhan King, Jin King (辰王) controlled Jinhan states including Saro state. In 246, Wei(魏) destroyed Jin King’s controll system by battle in Giriyeong(崎離營). After the battle, eight states of Jinhan including Saro sate controlled by Lo-lang commandary(樂浪郡). In 280s, Jinhan King appeared in trade with Chin(晉). Some studies argued that Jin King was two persons. One was King of Mok-ji state(目支國) and another was King of Saro state. But Jin King was one person. Jin King appeared part of Mahan(馬韓) and part of Byon-jin(弁辰) in 『Samgookji(三國志)』. 『Samgookji』 was written by Jin-soo(陳壽). He wrote the book singly. He recorded ‘Jin King(辰王)’ once in part of Mahan and three times in part of Byon-jin. So the ‘Jin King’ in the 『Samgookji』 was one person and he was King of Mok-ji state. Jinhan King didn’t unified the Jinhan states. His state was one member of Jinhan states. Most of studies about Jinhan King argued that Jinhan King was King of Saro state. But there is no evidence. In the latter half of the third century A.D., Saro state extended territory including Kyung-joo(慶州), Wool-san(蔚山) and Po-hang(浦項). In A.D. 337, Shilla appeard in trade with China. So we can think that Shilla unified Jinhan states in the early half of the third century. Shilla unified the Jinhan states using Jinhan King’s network.

Citation status

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