본문 바로가기
  • Home

Increased dispatches of Border patrol officers in the Pyeong’an-do region, during the early days of Joseon king Sukjong’s reign, and changes in the defense strategy

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2015, (120), pp.37-74
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Chung, Hae-Eun 1

1한국학중앙연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Examined in this article is the relationship between increased border patrol officers(邊將) serving in the Pyeong’an-do region during the early days of king Sukjong’s reign, and the general defense structure established in the region. The Pyeong’an-do province’s defensive installations were upgraded in the early days of Sukjong’s reign, but at the same time were based upon the existing systems where garrison farms had been established. They were close to areas like Changseong and Sakju, which were adequate places to support the overall efforts to secure and guard the pathway to Guseong, Taecheon, Unsan and Yeongbyeon. Also, in order to provide a multi-layered cover for this region, defense posts were stationed along important spots, which closely connected areas like Yisan, Byeokdong, Wiweon and Manpo to the central capital. All these newly established or upgraded facilities(including those manned by Myriarchy figures) became the foundation for the Left and Right Command structure(左右營將制), that was deployed in 1678. The Left and Right Command system was conceived as a defense strategy to protect the river side, and was a dare one compared to previous efforts. In order to protect the front line, patrol officers were stationed in defense points in the vicinity of Changseong and Sakju, Gang’gye and Manpo. These defense points deployed in the rear side of the river line did not only serve as the second line of defense(入堡處), but with the frontline served as part of a dual-layered defense line. Apparently king Sukjong, monitoring that the Qing dynasty was disrupted by the Oh Sam-gye insurrection, wanted to restructure the Joseon defense posture.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.