본문 바로가기
  • Home

Establishment and Role of Imunso at Jeongdonghangseong

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2016, (122), pp.127-154
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

KIM NANOK 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Imunso was one of the three major departments of Jeongdonghangseong. Given the records on activities of Imunso officials, Kim Buyun and Jeong Ingyeong, it is estimated that Imunso was established sometime between the ninth and the fifteenth year of King Chungryeol’s reign. Imunso of a hangseong had several officials. However, records from the Goryeo Dynasty mostly contain only the title of imun, suggesting that the office was not managed according to respective positions of officials. Sometimes, an imun official was transferred to Jwawoosa as nangjung, and in some cases, went on to become an imunnangjung, which combined the titles of Jwawoosa and Imunso. Imun means to “investigate” or “interrogate”, and the main job of an imun official involved administration of criminal cases and trial of murder cases. Thus, knowledge of types of criminal punishment was key criteria in selecting imun officials. The name, imunso, first appeared during a Kwon Hangong case in the eighth year of King Chungsuk’s reign (1321), and became widely known through an imprisonment of Shin Cheong during the reign of King Chunghye and a lawsuit regarding Jeongchidogam during the reign of King Chungmok. Since the main duty of imunso was trial of a murder case, when a murder took place, the criminal was sent to imunso for interrogation. ‘Harimun(下理問)’ or ‘Surimun(囚理問)’ indicated being detained at imunso for interrogation to resolve a murder case. A person was said to be ‘imprisoned’ in hangseongok (jail at hangseong), but ‘imprisonment’ was not used to indicate a detention at imunso. Thus, there is no need to make a distinction between being sent to imunso and being sent to hangseongok.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.