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A Review on Jajang (慈藏)’s Foundation of Jungamsa (淨巖寺) and Sumino-t’ap (水瑪瑙塔)

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2017, (125), pp.131-164
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Jungseop Youm 1

1중앙승가대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The records of Jajang’s foundation of Jungamsa (a.k.a. Seoknamwon 石南院) can only be found in Korea, but none in China. As a result, there are some scepticism on Jajang’s foundation of the temple. This study reviewed the times of Jajang’s travel to the northeast and his foundation of Jungamsa in the records in Korea. Il-yeon claimed that Jajang travelled to the northeast twice, but Min Ji recorded it as one time in the monk’s later years. Considering Jajang’s activities following his return to Korea, this study endorses Min Ji’s stance that Jajang travelled the northeast once in his later years, specifically around the time of Jajang’s downfall under the clan of Kim Chunchu during the reign of Queen Jindeok. The records on Jajang’s foundation of Jungamsa are associated with Jajang’s tragic death (入寂) and the remains of his cremation and burial. The negative records of the monk and the tangible presence of his burial remains serve as concrete evidence of Jajang’s foundation of Jungamsa. Next, this study took account of Sumano-t’ap as one of Jajang’s legacies, considering the high significance of the structure in the temple spiritually linked to the historical figure. This association between Sumano-t’ap and Jajang is indisputable, as there existed no other monk who represents Jungamsa than Jajang. To summarize, this study associated the date of the first establishment of Sumano-t’ap with later Silla, the period when Jajang revives from his downfall as he is reassessed. Considering Sumano-t’ap as an easily alterable stone brick pagoda, this assumption is deemed feasible.

Citation status

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