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Chaekbong ceremony of Silla and its function

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2017, (127), pp.55-96
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Miha Chai 1

1경희대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This thesis is studying the political function that Chaekbong ceremoy had internally and externally. First of all, it is studies about the coming and going of envoys and its ceremony. Seeing the example of King Hyegong, Silla sent Goaesa and Saunsa to Tang around the time of Chaekbong, while Tang sent Chaekmyungsa concurrent Joje. And seeing the example of Tang’s envoy, Hyungsook in king Hyosung period, various ceremonies including Binrye were performed in the course of rendering and receiving Chaekbong between Silla king and Tang emperor. Such ceremonies performed around Chaekbong had political character, and the ceremonies had inseparable relation with Chaekbong. Chaekbong is an idea about Chinese centered order to world, so Tang emperor sent Chaekmun, Gwango, Jeongjeol, Yemul etc. to Silla specifying that Tang is Chenjaguk(emperor country) and Silla is feudal country(Beonguk). But Silla’s kings would take Tang Chaekbong for granted, not sending Saunsa after taking it. And Silla also became a owner of Chaekbong that king Munmu did a Chaekbong to king Bodeokguk, so Pyo sent by Ansung had the same form as Pyo sent from Silla toTang. King Aejang would take Jogong from Tamla. As these showed, Silla’s kings also tried to realize the idea of Chaekbong by placing 번국. In the meanwhile, On his 6th king year, king Aejang took Chaekbong from Tang, and On his 9th king year, he asked for Chaekbongjoseo of his father, king Soseong. However king Aejang did chaekbong to the queen and king’s mother before Chaekbong from Tang and treated Chaekmyeongsa concurrent Goaesa poorly. King Aesjang broke out of pro-Tang foreign policy taking good foreign policy with Japan and seiged military power through his 5 years filing. Seen from this, king Aejang focused ruling power to king himself before his own ruling in his 6th king year. Begining his own ruling on this base, king Aejang did chaekbong to queen and king’s mother and could treat poorly chaekmyeongsa concurrent Goaesa from Tang, and Tang’s chaekbong rendered later was only a formal thing to him.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.