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The Tendency of Buddhist Faith in Late Goryeo through the Records of Buddhistic Objects

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2017, (128), pp.95-146
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Jung Byung Sam 1

1숙명여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In late Goryeo, there were various Buddhist faith and many Buddhist services were done. With Buddhist services which done in late Goryeo, quite many notes of prayers record was remained. I will analyze these notes to understand the tendency of Buddhist faith. Buddhist sculptures, paintings, sutras have their own role in faith. People made this Buddhistic objects and pray for complex faith. They did not pray one wish to one objects, generally pray two or three wishes. The diversity and complexation of faith was the characteristic of late Goryeo Buddhist faith. Among the Buddhist statues of late Goryeo, Amitabhas are most. The notes of prayers placed in the construction of Amitabha statues mainly wished for the rebirth in Pure Land, add to this they wish longevity and healthy life, rich harvest, peace of the nation. The notes of prayers placed in the construction of Avalokiteshvara are about prosperity in the secular world, and rebirth in Pure Land. The Majority of Buddhist painting Amitabha, the prayers wish to rebirth in the Pure Land and happiness and comfort in the secular world. This tendency is same as in publication of Buddhist sutras or transcribing sutras. The tendency to pray for the comfort of people in this life and rebirth in the Pure Land regardless of the types of Buddhist sutras. Like metal drum, incense burner and Buddhist bell, offering instruments are not fiwed to certain faith, so the notes of prayers are important. With the metal drums, people wish cease of the war and longevity. The majority of metal drums shows praying for the prosperity in the secular world. With the incense burners, people wish two or three wishes at same portion, prosperity in the secular world, rebirth in the Pure Land, attain enlightenment. With the Buddhist bells, people wish the prosperity in the secular world in half portion, and rebirth in the Pure Land portion is little. Various offering instruments, stone light and kundika, people mainly wish rebirth in the Pure Land. These various wishes of people depending on the object and subject but shares in common that they pursued happiness and comfort in the secular world. The tendency of Buddhist faith in late Goryeo, it was the complex trends which accompanied wishes for the benefits in the present world as well as the rebirth in Pure Land. Buddhist sculptures, paintings and sutras, the wish of the rebirth in Pure Land is remarkable, but the offering instruments like metal drums, incense burners and Buddhist bells, the wish shows similar cases of faith, and the benefits in the present world is frequent, in some case wish the attain of enlightenment.

Citation status

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