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Ito Togai’s Compliation of Sankankiryaku and Study about Chosŏn

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2018, (129), pp.7-60
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : February 27, 2018
  • Accepted : March 6, 2018
  • Published : March 30, 2018

Daejae Park 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Sankankiryaku (三韓紀畧) is the first ethnography of Korea published in Japan. It was compiled by Ito Togai (伊藤東涯, 1670~1736), who was the second head of the Kogidou (古義堂), at Kyoto in 1704. The book narrates the history and system of Korea from the Old Chosŏn to the mid-Chosŏn period(the reign of King Sŏnjo) in encyclopedia format. Particularly, the book is noteworthy that the history of Parhae is written in the clause between the three kingdoms period and Koryŏ dynasty. Ito Togai paid attention to the history of Parhae earlier than Yu Tŭkkong (柳得恭)’s Parhaego (渤海考, written in 1784). Apart from Sankankiryaku, he wrote Chosenjonozu (朝鮮壤墜之圖), Chosenkokukankaihanrokuzu (朝鮮國官階頒祿圖), Chosenkokukansei (朝鮮國官制), and etc.. Later, these materials became the basic sources for compilation of Sankankiryaku. As Togai continued to proofread the book until his latter years, Sankankiryaku was never published as a block book, but distributed as a format of manuscript. Still, among “Shokuhinryaku (the outline of officials ranks; 職品略)” in the book, the officials in the Chosŏn period was published under the title of Chosenkanshokukou (朝鮮官職考) in 1711. Sankankiryaku has been circulated as a manuscript, but it seems to have been widely used as it was used as the base source of Sankanseihyou (三韓世表) made in 1747.

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