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Primary Analysis on the Accounts on Goryeo Dynasty(918~1392) in Sankankiryaku(三韓紀畧, Brief History of Korea) by Ito Togai(1670~1736)

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2018, (129), pp.107-152
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : February 20, 2018
  • Accepted : March 1, 2018
  • Published : March 30, 2018

LEE Miji 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Ito Togai compares the history of Choseon with his own country, Japan, in the prologue of his Sankankiiryaku. He describes that Choseon enlarged its territory after successful unification of Shilla and achieved a powerful state through Goryeo dynasty; on the other hand he viewed that Japanese people had to have gone through hard times due to the fall of ruling system and incompetent rulers. Togai collected information on Goryeo from reading diverse accounts on Choseon such as Yongjae-chonghwa (慵齋叢話, Collective Stories Complied by Yongje (Seong Hyeon(成俔)), Gosachalyo (攷事撮要, Guide to Miscellaneous Facts), but the main source was Dongguktonggam (東國通鑑, Comprehensive Mirror of Choseon History). He compiled the history of Goryeo with much discretion. He hardly voiced up even when he stands on the different side with the Choseon monographs on Goryeo history. That made his opinions very valuable, which we could find in the accounts on Wokou (倭寇) and Jeong Mong-ju. Interestingly the Mongol Invasion, often designated as 'Genkō' (元寇), was not mentioned in his book. It seems that Togai did not link the Mongol invasion with Goryeo. One could not simply conclude on how Togai understood the incident and why he remained silent; that remains another assignment to pursue. Comprehensive analysis on the various versions of hand-copied manuscripts of Sankankiryaku which reserved in Korea an Japan is also an urgent task.

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