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The life and activities of Anti-Japan Lawyer, Heo Heon in the Late Choseon Dynasty and the Korean Empire

Byun Eunjin 1

1한국방송통신대

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Heo Heon(1885~1951) is one of the most remarkable figures in Korean modern history. However, until now, there have been no master's theses and doctoral theses on this subject, and very few academic papers have been published properly. The reason for this is probably related to the fact that He participated in the ‘leftist’ national movement in ‘liberation space’ and then ‘North Korea’. Heo Heon is known to have been a leading figure in various fields such as lawyers, independence activists and politicians in the Japanese colonial period and liberation space. During the Japanese occupation, he actively worked for the independence activists and social activists as a member of the so-called ‘three-man lawyers’. In the arrested persons trial for 3.1 independent movement, he brought a blow to the Japanese law enforcement authorities with the famous ‘case of filing a petition for fire’. At the end of the 1920s he was imprisoned against the repression of the Japanese imperialism as the chairman of Shingan-hoi and was imprisoned again for the so-called ‘shortwave broadcasting incident' just before the liberation of 8.15. I have confirmed that the existing research on Heo Heon is quite wrong from his birth, family environment, growth process, immigration to Seoul, study at each school, admission to public office and passing the lawyer examination and activities. So, in this article, I focused on correcting these various errors. As can be seen through the discipline of his lawyer's dismissal from this case of Hamijŏn(下米廛), Heo Heon became a human rights lawyer representing the rights of the people. Her experiences at the beginning of the ‘Anti-Japanese lawyer’ led him to intensify the more detailed legal interpretation and worry about how the nation should protect the nation within the framework of the law.

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