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The Characteristic of Private Secondary School Teacher during the Japanese Colonial Period

Woo, Jeong Ae 1

1창북중학교

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ABSTRACT

This paper aims to identify the characteristics of secondary school teachers in the period of Japanese colony with a research target for a group of Korean teachers who served in private secondary school. The Japanese colonial government had not stipulated the qualifications of private common high school teachers in the 1910s, but after the implementation of the Second Chosun Education Act, teachers’ qualification was permitted to those who had a secondary teacher license for a private secondary school, or to those who were designated by the Japanese colonial government. As the teachers’ qualification Act was revised, the characteristics of candidates for private secondary school teachers also changed. In the 1910s, a significant number of teachers which graduated from Korean government-led schools came to join the private secondary schools. Since 1920, those who have experienced higher education abroad have made great strides to private secondary school as teachers. The country that majority of these teachers went out for study was Japan. Within the highly constrained environment under the colonial ruling, they have undertaken various activities as a specialist who completed on higher education.

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