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Hwarang Hyojong(孝宗郞) and Hwarangdo(花郞徒) in the ruling years of Queen Jinseong of Silla

Park Namsoo 1

1동국대학교 동국역사문화연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article aims to look into the change process of Hwarangdo(花郞徒) in the dying days of Silla. Hence, the anecdote of Hwarang Hyojong(孝宗郞) and his political advancement and the political situation in the end of Silla was examined. Additionally, the change process of Hwarangdo was also examined through the trend of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism and the change in selecting talent. As a result, it is found out that the story of poor woman supporting mother(貧女養母) in Samgukyusa(삼국유사) contains the buddhist idea of filial piety which includes the filial duty for living parents as well as praying for their parents’ gentle and easy death whereas the story of Faithful Daughter Jieun(孝女知恩) in Samguksagi(삼국사기) reflects the idea of Confucianism. The anecdote of Hwarang Hyojong implied the situation that the military system had been collapsing since the 3rd year of Queen Chin-song(眞聖王), through which it can be inferred that Silla had no enough military power in Nangdang(郎幢) as like the middle period of Silla. And King Sindeok, called King Park, who was a stepson of Kim Ye-gyeom(金乂謙), aristocrat of Jingol, could appear in the politic circle of Silla by taking his step father’s last name. On the other hand, the anecdote of Hwarang Hyojong was plotted in the trend of reviving the spirit of Hwarangdo in the beginning of Queen Chin-song. However, even though Hwarangdo was set up for selecting human resource, the role of had been existed in name only because of reinforcement of the Confucianism education and increasing importance of dispatching students to Tang. Furthermore, financial support could not be provided any more according to the fall of national economic base. Therefore, Hwarangdo got into the music of Confucianism, seclusion of Taoism and Zen. As a result of it, they could not overcome the crisis confronting Silla.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.