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A Study on《Tongdian》: Perception and Description of “Section of Baekje”

Song, Youngdae 1

1한국전통문화대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

《Tongdian(通典)》written by Duyou(杜佑) is a book describing decrees and regulations of Tang dynasty. The book tells Tang(唐)’s neighboring countries in the〈Part of frontier defence(邊防門)〉. Goguryeo(高句麗), Baekje(百濟), and Silla(新羅), the major ancient nations in Korean history are also found in the Chapter of Dong-yi(東夷目). Especially Baekje destroyed by Tang was existed not that far from Duyou’s time. In this context, the purpose of this paper is to examine Tang’s view of Baekje which coexisted at the time. In this study, records similarity evaluation is conducted along with contents analysis of Section of Baekje(百濟節). Besides, original text are identified by examining each record. As identifying different tendency in similarity, the study examines why it is. Also, after analyzing the Section, it is found that it mainly refers to《Songshu(宋書)》,《Weishu(魏書)》, 《Zhoushu(周書)》,《Nanshu(南史)》,《Beishu(北史)》, and《Suishu(隋書)》. It seems that《Tongdian》refers to large parts of historical books in North Dynasties(北朝) whereas it reflects small parts of historical books in South Dynasties(南朝). Duyou wrote the Section of Baekje as he reinterpreted the original texts or contained the records that he had found. For example, the reason why he regarded Buyeo king(夫餘王) Wiguetae(尉仇台) as progenitor of Baekje is a result of his reinterpretation. Also, he probably attained a story about yellow lacquer(黃漆) gathering from the records of Ungjin Commandery(熊津都督府) existed during Tang dynasty. Two characteristics are found in the Section of Baekje. Firstly, it contains a relation between Baekje and Buyeo. Duyou considered King of Buyeo as Baekje’ founder. Besides, he understood Baekje kings’ family name as “Buyeo(夫餘)”. Secondly, he described the change of Baekje’s region. In other words, he stated location movement of Baekje from Laoxi(遼西) and Jinping(晋平) Commanderies, old land of Mahan(馬韓故地), land of Namhan(南韓地), to old castle Geon’an(建安故城). These refined ideas were based on the texts written in Tang dynasty and are significant in that they clearly show Tang’s perception of Baekje.

Citation status

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