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The characteristics of the Gwajeonbeop from the perspective of Susinjeon and Hyulyangjeon - Focused on the comparison between the Gubunjeon of the Jeonsigwa -

LEE MIN-WOO 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The reform of the land system in late Goryeo and the enactment of the Gwajeonbeop[科田法] are evaluated as the most important occasion of the founding of Joseon. Nevertheless, it was understood that the newly enacted Gwajeonbeop was not distinguished from the Jeonsigwa[田柴科] in that it was a based on the right of collecting land-tax. In the Jeonsigwa based on the combination of the land system and the labor system, it was the most important goal of system operation that the Jikyeok[職役] linked with the land was succeeded normally. Therefore, the Koryo society devoted itself to preparing diverse institutional devices for the succession of the land. On the other hand, in the Gwajeonbeop the social role of the right of collecting land-tax was reduced to the preferential treatment for the officials. In the Gwajeonbeop, the size of the payment of the Susinjeon[守信田] and Hyulyangjeon[恤養田] increased and the terms of payment became more common. Nevertheless, these measures have never been made to favor the officials. Gubunjeon[口分田] was not paid to the individual for the purpose of compassion but to the remaing family members which was no longer able to carry out the Jikyeok. On the contrary, the Susinjeon and the Hyulyangjeon was a measure to guarantee the succession of the paternal family of the dead officer simply regardless of the Jikyeok. The reason for the generalization of the conditions of payment the Susinjeon and the Hyulyangjeon in the Gwajeonbeop is that it reflects the fact that in the early years of the Joseon the social role of the right of collection land tax was greatly reduced compared to the Goryo.

Citation status

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