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Diplomatic relations between Gojoseon and Yan(燕), Qin(秦), and Han(漢)

Song Hojeung 1

1한국교원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

It is only possible for Gojoseon to have international relations with China after the concept of “China” or “Chinese” emerged in history. In China, the concept of the whole world(天下) was established after the Warring States, and only after the unification of the Qin(秦) and Han(漢) empires, a systematic theory was completed. It is possible to clarify the diplomatic relationship between Gojoseon and Han since the Qin and Han periods, when East Asia enters the international order centered on China. The previous phase can only be talked about economic trade. Literature records authored in the Warring States do not mention international relations with Gojoseon, making it difficult to say the diplomatic relations between Gojoseon and China before the 4th century B.C.. We can only talk about economic trade or cultural exchange. The Gojoseon of the Warring States was located on the outskirts of Liaodong County(遼東郡), and it grew up by sending envoys to Yan(燕) and establishing relations with Liaodong County. At the era of the Qin(秦), Gojoseon was incorporated into the system of indirect and collective control in Qin. Territories were not directly incorporated into the County of Qin(秦), but maintained a unique control order of Gojoseon. Since the emergence of Wiman in the early 2nd century B.C., Gojoseon has established relations with China as an feudal lords[外臣] for Han. The form of diplomacy was appointed by the emperor Han and ruled the country as an imperial power. At that time, Gojoseon made an economic relationship in which he offered tributes to the Han royal family and received gifts for them.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.