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Choe Gukryang’s Dangucheomnok(壇究捷錄) and his Pyeongan province defense theory during the reign of Sukjong(肅宗)

Ha, Myung-joon 1

1국사편찬위원회 편사연구사

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Choe Gukryang (崔國亮), a middle-ranking military official during the reign of Sukjong, co-authored Dangucheomnok (壇究捷錄) with Yi On (李蘊). While Yi On thoughtfully arranged a summary of the Chinese military text Deungdanpilgu (登壇必究), Choe Gukryang attempted to strengthen national security and resolve pending military issues regarding Joseon’s current military and geographical situation. Choe Gukryang’s concerns for national defense were concentrated on reorganizing and reinforcing the defense system of the Pyeongan province, which had been destroyed during the Manchu invasions of 1636. He thought that if a full-scale war against the Qing dynasty were to occur due to changing situations in China, the border defense of the Pyeongan province was a matter of utmost urgency. The emphasis on Pyeongan province as a strategic foothold for national defense was a deviation from discussions set out by the central government placing priority on capital defense. Also, Choe Gukryang personally examined both the geographical features of the Pyeongan province and the movements of the Qing dynasty, and he obtained reliable information reflecting the actual circumstances from residents and magistrates of the area. In this sense, his argument was distinctive from other assertions relying on books and maps. However, the central court dismissed his suggestion focusing on the defense of Pyeongan province, and Choe Gukryang’s ideas were eventually forgotten in the course of history. The reason behind its dismissal, as well as its position and implications among contemporary military discourse and its effect on future defense theories, are topics that await further examination by uncovering new historical materials.

Citation status

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