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The reality of the Goguryeo–Baekje alliance in the early 640s and Tang’s perception of Baekje

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2021, (141), pp.5-44
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : February 23, 2021
  • Accepted : March 8, 2021
  • Published : March 30, 2021

Park Chanu 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the first half of the 7th century, international relations on the Korean Peninsula were often explained in the composition of East-West Union(Silla&Tang) vs. North-South Union(Goguryeo&Baekje). Therefore, scholars have suggested that the relationship between Baekje and Tang was not as close as that between Silla and Tang, and the Goguryeo–Baekje alliance lasted for a long time. However, some objections were raised to the view that the claims of Silla’s envoy should be separated from the actual situation. Based on such critical research, this paper revealed that the reality of the Goguryeo–Baekje alliance in the early 640s was lacking in historical evidence. On the other hand, some recent papers consider that the relationship between Baekje and Tang was generally friendly from the 630s until before 645. However, if we focus only on superficial relations, we cannot explain the situation where relations between Tang and Baekje deteriorated rapidly due to the Silla mission to Tang in September 643. Accordingly, based on Baekje’s uncooperative attitude during the Goguryeo and Sui wars and the fact that Baekje continued to attack Silla in the 620s despite Tang’s intervention, this paper revealed that Tang had a negative perception of Baekje.

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