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A Study on the Korean Christian Faculties in the 1970s -Focusing on Ecumenical Development Theology and ‘Korean Minjung Theory’

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2021, (142), pp.205-244
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : May 25, 2021
  • Accepted : June 7, 2021
  • Published : June 30, 2021

koh ji soo 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Korean Christian Faculties began as a collective intelligence that shares Christian realism, intellectualism, and rational criticism under the influence of the Ecumenical Social Mission of the Modern World Church. The Korean Christian Faculties, which led the secularization of Korean churches, led the formation of human development and social development discourse in third world underdeveloped countries in response to ecumenical development theology in the 1960s. The religious discourse of the Korean Christian Faculties develops into secularization, indigenousization, and humanization under under the decree of the "Missio Dei” theology in the 1950s. “Theology of Humanization” of the Korean Christian Faculties has been developed into “Minjung(민중) Theology” since 1975. In the 1970s, the Korean Christian Faculties's discourse on ‘Minjung’ increased the level of union with the underlying forces such as lower class workers, farmers, and urban poor by emphasizing the liberation ethic of industrial and social structural contradictions. In particular, the Korean Christian Faculties’s ‘Minjung Theology,’ after the emergency measure No. 9 served as a counter ideology that wiped out the discourse on development dictatorship of Yushin government and promoted labor independence and socialization of the underlying people.

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* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.