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A study on the time of the Principle of Three Equalities(Sam Kyun chuui) was valid and the motivation that was made

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2022, (145), pp.151-192
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : February 9, 2022
  • Accepted : March 3, 2022
  • Published : March 30, 2022

kim In sik 1

1중앙대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to review these conventional opinons about the time of the Principle of Three Equalities(Sam Kyun chuui) was established. According to previous studies, it was conceived when the Movement for the National Single Party took place between 1926-1927. The Sam Kyun chuui is the embodiment of Cho So Ang’s theory of national movement. His Sam Kyun chuui is based on the idea of the formation of the National Unique Party(以黨治國, ‘Idangchiguk’) and the Theory of National Revolution, which claims the dominance of the Korean Provisional Government. For this reason, in order for that to be established, it is necessary to form a nationalist party to support the Korean Provisional Government established in 1919. In The Declaration of Korean Independence of Korea(大韓獨立宣言書, 1919), the origin of Cho So Ang’s Sam Kyun chuui is confirmed, but he hadn’t to pay attention to the concept of ‘the organize a positive party’(立黨) at that time. Since 1922, he has suggested an idea about the independence party, but he could not establish the Sam Kyun chuui because he was Rhee Syngman’s factionist. Cho So Ang accepted the idea of ‘Idangchiguk’ around January 1927 to stand in solidarity with the Chinese Nationalist Party. The Provisional Constitution(Ymsiyakheon), effective in April 1927, served as an opportunity for him to return to the Korean Provisional Government. As a result, those ideas of the ‘Idangchiguk’ and imperative support plan on Provisional Government became the foundation of the Cho So Ang’s Sam Kyun chuui.

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