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The statecraft of the Middle Joseon in case of Song Si-Yeol

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2022, (147), pp.87-126
  • DOI : 10.31218/TRKH.2022.9.147.87
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : August 10, 2022
  • Accepted : September 1, 2022
  • Published : September 30, 2022

Oh Hang Nyeong 1

1전주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Woo-am, the nickname of Song Si-Yeol(1607∼1689), was a scholar and politician lived in Seonjo∼Sookjong reign, the Middle age of Joseon. He was a scholar called Sallim(山林), and the leader of the Public Opinion(公論) A study of an individual is a basis of historical research and it can spread to the sphere of aspect of the age. In this view I descripted the relationship of the school and its policies in court or field focusing the statecraft. Song Si-Yeol was born after the Japanes Invasion, and overcame the 1623 Restoration and the twice Qing invasion. Therefore his generation confronted the national or social tasks to solve. During the King Hyojong∼Sookjong reign, he was recruited as an officer or exiled to areas far from the capital or retired from the court. During the King Heonjong reign, He insisted the reformaton of finance & taxation system, the Tribute & Army Recruit system. In the course of the Gap-In Ritual Dispute, he exiled to JangKi. Especially he tried to reform the Royal Treasury that appropriated the commons of the people. He also required the reformation of the Nobi system that the child of the feminine commoner and the man Nobi got a commoner strata and accomplished it as a law.

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