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Activities Related to the Association for Movement of Jeonnam in Jangheung and Its Local Community in 1930s

CHOI EUN JIN 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In 1930s, the Association for Movement of Jeonnam mainly engaged in the socialism ideology movement and revolutionary farmers union movement. The Association for Movement of Jeonnam and its affiliated Preparatory Establishment Committee for Red Farmers Union placed its importance in political struggles together with economic struggle, such as, the farm tenancy dispute and land struggle in the southern region where the landlord system is advanced. While protecting the economic interests, the Association for Movement of Jeonnam further purported to resolves the tasks involving in national and class revolution as well as accomplishing its aspiration for independence, and it has substantial influence in the local communities by encountering with the local farmers in ordinary affairs through night school and others. This characteristic could be found not only in Jangheung but also in Wando, Haenam and others where the Association for Movement of Jeonnam was actively engaged in. Jangheung had inactive farmer’s movement in 1920s, but it successfully organized the revolutionary farmers union in 1930s. In addition, With the Association for Movement of Jeonnam related activities following the movement line from the base, it enabled to come up with a significant number of youth activists in the local communities as the farmers who were educated under the socialist ideology. The Association for Movement of Jeonnam and Preparatory Establishment Committee for Red Farmers Union kept on the activities after the key participants arrested by invoking reconstruction movement of the Association for Movement of Jeonnam in Jangheung that the pertinent activities were sustained up to around 1939 in the war-time period. Within the space at the liberation period, a number of people in the Jangheung area set out the symbolism as the participants in the Association for Movement of Jeonnam in a way of succeeding the movement spirit by participating in the socialist line of social movement, such as, the Korean Establishment Preparation Commission, People’s Committee and so forth.

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* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.