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The Review of The eon-gwan(言官) eonron(言論) in Cheoljong(哲宗) -period – focusing on statistics and Gyesa(啓辭)-analysis

Munki Hong 1

1총신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The eon-gwan(言官) eonron(言論) is the most important element that characterizes Joseon's political culture. However, in fact, only《Veritable Records of the Joseon Dynasty (朝鮮王朝實錄)》 has been analyzed as the main source while ignoring the primary source,《Seungjeongwon Ilgi(承政院日記)》. As a result, the current status of research history is that quantitative analysis on the subject and form of the press as well as the number and content of the press is absolutely incomplete. This is a very inappropriate situation, considering that words and phrases are generally taught in the field of secondary history education. Moreover, it is the general interpretation that the influence of the eon-gwan(言官) eonron(言論) decreased overall after tangpyung-period(蕩平政治期), especially during sedo-period(勢道政治期). However, this means that the Gongron(公論) political tradition based on bungdang(朋黨) has been weakened. Even during the period when the sedo(勢道) families monopolized political powers, the eon-gwan(言官) eonron(言論) was still used at the center of political debates. Therefore, in order to understand the political history after the sedo-period, the eon-gwan(言官) eonron(言論) is an important historical material. I analyzed the trends quantitatively by extracting the eon-gwan(言官) eonron(言論) in Cheoljong(哲宗)-period by《Seungjeongwon Ilgi(承政院日記)》. I also interpreted the contents of the eon-gwan(言官) eonron(言論) politicaly. Through this, it is expected that while empirically identifying the aspects of the eon-gwan(言官) eonron(言論) in sedo-period(勢道政治期), it will provide a basis for developing the existing 19th century political history narrative in korea more abundantly.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.