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Features and Issues in Filial Piety During Early Chosun Dynasty Based on Shizongshilu(世宗實錄)

  • Journal of Korean Hyo Studies
  • 2014, (19), pp.31-65
  • Publisher : The Korean Hyo Studies Association
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities

Duk-kyun Kim 1

1성산효대학원대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Filial piety is a fundamental responsibility of child to his/her parents which is a unique ethical behavior of human beings. Most animals take care of their offspring, but only humans return the love to their parents. The responsibilities in filial piety include taking care of one’s parents, and being obedient, polite and respectful. All of these activities need to be done while parents are still alive. During early Chosun Dynasty, however, the bases of filial piety were changed to emphasizing a rite, an individual worships for their parents after death (3年喪). In other words, filial piety became a religious act. Even governments and/or social organizations encouraged this religious conduct by awarding filial children. These organizations tended to find more extreme cases of filial piety, causing over-acting like having four to five years of funeral periods, instead of three years which was common in Chosun Dynasty. Three years’ a funeral requires more time and energy, therefore, filial piety became a very difficult and special behavior, resulting in a burden to ordinary people in early Chosun Dynasty.

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